Edible fruits play a significant role in nutrient supplementary diet as well as in herbal medicine. They are the rich sources of vitamins, minerals, polyphenols, fibers and antioxidants which provide various health benefits. In Siddha medicines, numerous kinds of edible fruits are used as medicines for various health disorders. Some of the main fruits and their therapeutic actions are given below.
• Punica granatum L. (Tamil : Mathulam pazham)
Major Therapeutic uses: Consumption of Mathulam Fruit along with seeds is beneficial in the management of Gynaecological disorders, Anaemia, Oligospermia, spermatorrhoea, vomiting and upper gastrointestinal disorders. It should be taken before food for the betterment of health.
• Annona squamosa L. (Tamil : Seetha pazham)
Major Therapeutic uses: It has coolant action; can be used for the reduction of the hot potency of drugs.
• Limonia acidissima L. (Tamil : Vilam pazham)
Major Therapeutic uses: Vilam pazham is useful in the treatment of Azhal noigal, Cough, emaciation and hiccough. Moreover, it is highly nutritious and increases the appetite. It can be taken before and after food.
• Ziziphus mauritiana Lam (Tamil : Elandhai)
Major Therapeutic uses: Consumption of Elandhai Fruit is beneficial in the management of Azhal noigal, Vomitting, anorexia and indigestion. Eating of this fruit in the empty stomach can cause the burning sensation in the chest. Hence it should be taken after food only.
• Emblica officinalis L. (Tamil: Nellikkai)
Major Therapeutic uses: Nellikkani is one of the rejuvenating agents, it should be taken before food. Consumption of Nellikkai is beneficial in the management of Azhal noigal, Burning micturition, constipation, vomiting, anorexia, etc.
• Syzigium cumini (L.) Skeels (Tamil: Naaval)
Major Therapeutic uses: Naaval pazham has haematinic and tonic action. It is useful in the management of ployurea, polydipsia and Anaemia.
NB: The post is for information purpose only. Kindly consult a Siddha Physician for more details.