Purification is a process mentioned by Siddhars which holds lot of Scientific information. Very commonly used is Kadukkaiku Aga Nanchu which has been Scientifically validated.This Research provides an overview of the purification methods of Terminalia chebula (TC) as mentioned in Siddha medical practice (2), a traditional medical system in India. According to this practice the purification of the herb is to remove the seed from the ripen fruit before processing into medicine. Changes in the chemical profile of Terminalia chebula before (with seed - TCS) and after purification (without seed - TCWS) is achieved through physiochemical, phytochemical and HPTLC analysis. The results revealed TCWS has 60% water soluble extract and 40% alcohol soluble extract to that of 25% and 15% respectively in TCS. The total ash content was very minimal in TCWS. There is increase in the concentration of tannins, anthraquinones, alkaloids, saponins and decrease in the protein content in TCWS. No change in the concentration of total phenols, flavones, glycosides, reducing sugar and quinines. The HPTLC analysis shows nine peaks for TCWS whereas seven for TCS. This study reassures that Terminalia chebula is pharmaceutically potent only after removal of seeds which substantiates intuition of Siddha’s scientifically.
Thanks for all the Scientists who has contributed to this paper.