Anjanam or Mai is an external method of lining eye lashes and lids with a thick black salve. According to Theraiyar piniyanugavithi to prevent the disease, anjanam is advised to be applied once in three days.
Anjanam may be prepared from the sources like plant and bird parts, conch shell, pearl, anjana stone and salts ground and mixed with cow’s ghee or castor oil after which it is stored in bronze, glass or conch vessels.
The compounded mai is lined or daubed with the end of the ophthalmic probe (Nayanakole) on the eye lashes and can allowed to remain up to 3-12 hours. It is used to improve the circulation and control the infection in and around the eyes, prevent excessive lacrimation, remove blockage in lacrimal glands, conjunctivitis and beauty of the face.
Anjanam is not advised for alcoholics, head injured, those afflicted with tuberculosis, during menstrual period and post operative conditions.